First light with a tunable filter photometer at the Zeiss-1000 telescope of SAO RAS.

September 5-10, 2017 successful tests of a new photometer – the Mapper of Narrow Galaxy Lines (MaNGaL) have been conducted at the Zeiss-1000 telescope of SAO RAS. Images in the optical emission lines are important data for studying the physical state of ionized gas in galactic and extragalactic nebulae, for estimating the ongoing star formation rate, etc. The traditional method to obtain such images is observations in narrow-band filters centered at the required emission line and on the continuum nearby. In this regard, it is required to have a set of filters to study objects with different radial velocities. Along with this, in order to separate a number of lines important for the diagnostics of the gas state (hydrogen Íα line and the doublet of the ionized nitrogen [NII]λλ6548,6583, the sulfur doublet [SII]λλ6717,6731), a filter is needed with a bandwidth of less than 2 nm precisely positioned at the radial velocity of a given nebula. This ideal is rarely achieved, since narrowband filters are difficult to manufacture and expensive, their transmission is often not very large, and the wavelength at the transmission maximum depends on temperature.

A solution of this problem is usage of the scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) operating in the tunable-filter mode. If the interference order is small enough, then it is easy to attain the 2-3 nm width of the instrumental profile. Along with this, the distance between neighboring interference orders in the required range is large enough, so that the rest transmission peaks if the FPI are easily cut by the medium-band filter (the bandwidth is 150-300 nm).

ET-50 piezoelectric FPI (made by IC Optical Systems Ltd, GB) with the appropriate characteristics was bought by SAO RAS within the project for the modernization of the equipment of the 6-m SAO RAS telescope (``the BTA Unique Scientific Instrument''). To effectively use the FPI when it was not involved in observations at the 6-m SAO RAS telescope, it was decided to make a guest photometer for observations on medium-sized telescopes.

The MaNGaL instrument was developed in the Laboratory of Spectroscopy and Photometry of Extragalactic Objects and manufactured in the SAO RAS workshop within the project of the Russian Science Foundation RSF 17-12-01335 “Ionized Gas in Galaxy Disks and Beyond the Optical Radius” (the project leader is Alexei Moiseev). MaNGaL is supposed to be used for observations at the 1-m SAO RAS telescope and the 2.5-m telescope of the Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Lomonosov Moscow State University to study the ionized gas state in various types of galaxies.

Results are presented at the Russian Astronomy Conference - 2017:
Perepelitsyn A.E., Moiseev A.V., "Optical Reducer with a Tunable Interference Filter for Small- and Medium-Sized Telescopes."

Contact person - Alexei Moiseev


Fig. 1 Tunable filter operating principle. With black, we schematically depict the spectrum of a galaxy with bright Íα and [NII] lines. With orange, we show the transmission profiles of the Fabry-Perot interferometer tuned for observations in two emission lines and in the continuum. The blue color shows the transmission curve of the medium-band filter which gives only one transmission peak of the interferometer.


Fig 2. Images of the planetary NGC 6853 nebula in the case of the FPI transmission peak centered at the emission lines and the continuum, as well as the color composite image of the nebula in the [OIII], Hα and [NII] lines after subtracting the stellar continuum.